The Science of Productivity: How to Get More Done in Less Time

The Science of Productivity reveals the key principles that can revolutionise the way we work, allowing us to achieve more in less time with a greater sense of accomplishment.

Have you ever had a long workday and felt exhausted, wondering where the time had gone? We’ve all been there. Despite our efforts to tackle our to-do list, it often feels like we’re not making the most of our time. So, how can we be more productive in a way that feels manageable and positive? Let’s explore some practical tips to transform your workday and make each moment count.

How to Get More Done in Less Time

Align Your Work with Your Energy Peaks:

Ever heard of a chronotype? It’s like your body’s internal clock, influencing when you’re most alert or in need of a nap. Align your most demanding tasks with your energy peaks. For morning enthusiasts, tackle intense work early. Night owls, save your brainpower for the evening. This small change has a significant impact.

Pro Tip: Identify your chronotype and match your energy-demanding tasks with your peak times.

Plan Your Day the Night Before:

Success doesn’t happen by chance; it’s planned. Take a cue from Google’s productivity advisor, Laura Mae Martin, and plan your day the night before. Write down your top priorities and schedule them hour by hour. This not only provides clarity but also increases the likelihood of accomplishing your goals.

Pro Tip: Use a daily planning template to outline your priorities and schedule your day meticulously.

Develop Rituals for Different Tasks:

Create specific rituals for different types of work. Whether it’s a quiet room for focused writing or a sunny porch for emails, associating tasks with specific environments or times enhances productivity. Georgetown Professor Cal Newport swears by his walking routes for solving complex problems and a dedicated writing space for creative work.

Pro Tip: Experiment with different rituals for various tasks and stick with them to build a productive routine.

Avoid Being 100% Booked:

Contrary to popular belief, the most productive people don’t fill every minute of their day. Darren Murph from GitLab warns against being fully booked, emphasizing the importance of flexibility. Leave room for spontaneity, creativity, and unexpected events. A packed schedule may seem productive, but it often hinders true efficiency.

Pro Tip: Don’t fill your calendar to the brim; allow time for unplanned moments and creative breakthroughs.


Productivity is not about working endless hours or completing an overwhelming to-do list. It’s about working efficiently and intentionally. By aligning tasks with your energy levels, planning ahead, creating rituals, and allowing room for flexibility, you can transform your workday into a more productive and fulfilling experience. Assume time management, and you’ll see an increase in productivity.

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Q1: What is a chronotype, and how does it affect productivity?

A1: A chronotype refers to your body’s natural sleep-wake cycle, influencing when you feel most alert or sleepy. Understanding your chronotype helps you align demanding tasks with your energy peaks, making you more productive during specific times of the day.

Q2: How can planning the night before improve productivity?

A2: Planning your day the night before provides clarity and structure. By outlining your top priorities and scheduling tasks hour by hour, you set a clear roadmap for the day, increasing the likelihood of accomplishing your goals.

Q3: What are rituals, and how do they enhance productivity?

A3: Rituals involve creating specific associations between tasks and environments or times. By developing rituals for different types of work, you can signal to your brain that it’s time to focus, enhancing your overall productivity.

Q4: Why is it important to avoid being 100% booked?

A4: Being fully booked leaves little room for spontaneity, creativity, and handling unexpected events. Allowing some flexibility in your schedule provides the freedom to address unforeseen issues, fostering a healthier work-life balance and preventing burnout.

Q5: How do I find my chronotype?

A5: Discovering your chronotype involves paying attention to your natural energy levels throughout the day. Observe when you feel most alert and energetic, and use that information to schedule your most demanding tasks during those peak times.

Q6: Can these productivity tips work for everyone?

A6: While these tips are based on general productivity principles, individual preferences and work styles vary. It’s essential to experiment and tailor these strategies to fit your unique needs and circumstances.

Q7: How long does it take for rituals to become effective?

A7: Developing rituals may take a few weeks as your brain associates specific cues with certain types of work. Consistency is key. The more you practice, the quicker and more seamlessly these rituals will become a part of your routine.

Q8: Is there a recommended daily planning template?

A8: Google’s executive productivity advisor, Laura Mae Martin, suggests using “The Daily Plan” template. It includes prioritizing tasks and scheduling them hour by hour. However, feel free to customize or create your own template that suits your preferences and needs.

Q9: Can I combine these tips for maximum productivity?

A9: Absolutely! Combining these tips can create a comprehensive approach to productivity. Aligning tasks with your energy levels, planning your day, developing rituals, and leaving room for flexibility can work together to enhance your overall efficiency.

Q10: What’s the key takeaway for improving productivity?

A10: The key takeaway is to be intentional about your day. Understand your natural rhythms, plan ahead, create rituals, and allow flexibility. Productivity is not just about the quantity of work but the efficiency and fulfillment you gain from each task.

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